Labor and Employee Relations

Labor and Employee Relations (LER) provides technical advisory services, training, and issues policies and guidance to managers and DoD personnel in various programs for Labor Relations and Employee Relations. LER developed and is implementing the Department of Defense Performance Management and Appraisal Program (DPMAP) covering 630,000 employees. LER also host employee relations presentations through the Civilian Personnel Advisory Group (CPAG) on topics of importance to the DoD Human Resources community.

Labor Relations provides information to ensure labor relations matters are handled effectively, expediently, and in accordance with DoD policy.

Labor Relations performs agency head reviews of negotiated labor-management agreements throughout the Department to ensure consistency in the Department’s approach to collective bargaining; provides advice and guidance to management negotiators regarding negotiability of union proposals, including assisting management negotiators developing positions to represent the Department before third parties in negotiability appeals, arbitration exceptions and representation cases.

Agency Head Review

Agency Head Review (AHR) is the statutory requirement that all negotiated agreements (term agreements, MOU/MOA’s and rollover agreements) be reviewed for legal sufficiency by the head of the agency (or his/her designee) in accordance with title 5 of the United States Code (U.S.C.), § 7114(c)(1).

The AHR must be accomplished within 30 days from the date the agreement is executed in accordance with title 5 U.S.C., § 7114(c)(2).

If not approved or disapproved within that time, the agreement goes into effect the 31st day after execution (to the extent it is consistent with law and Government-wide regulation) in accordance with title 5 U.S.C., § 7114(c)(3).

Starting the Agency Head Review process

Your agreement must be submitted for Agency Head Review immediately following execution of the agreement to:


When submitting your agreement for Agency Head Review, please include the following:

  1. The agreement in MS Word (preferred format) or Adobe PDF.
  2. An Adobe PDF of the completed signature page with date of execution and all signatures required to finalize the agreement.
  3. Agency point of contact information, including mailing address, email address and phone numbers.
  4. Union's point of contact and OFFICIAL mailing address
  5. Bargaining Unit Certification

Statutory Authority

LER has a statutory requirement that all negotiated agreements be reviewed for legal sufficiency by the head of the agency (or his/her designee) in accordance with
title 5 U.S.C., § 7114(c)(1).

The Labor and Employee Relations (LER) provides technical advisory services, training, and policies and guidance to managers and DOD personnel in various programs for Labor Relations, Employee Relations, Suitability, Workplace Violence, and Performance Management.

Employee Relations

DoD uses awards to recognize employees who have distinguished themselves in the service of the Agency for which they work. Through diligence, ingenuity, and exemplary effort, award recipients have made significant contributions to their Agency. The overall effectiveness of the Agency is increased by the recipients’ discovery of new opportunities, the creation of new programs, or the resulting changes brought about by their extraordinary efforts. Awards are given to encourage continued creativity and high performance. Awards also enable management to provide positive feedback, resulting in increased communication and workforce morale. To serve the public interest, awards help to ensure a responsive, adaptive, and efficient government.


Performance Management is the systematic process by which an Agency involves its employees, as individuals and members of a group, in improving organizational effectiveness in the accomplishment of Agency mission and goals.


Suitability is the process of determining whether an individual's employment or continued employment would protect the integrity or promote the efficiency of the service.


DoD is committed to preventing: violence, sexual assault, and harassment in the workplace; to providing victim assistance; and to ensuring response procedures are in place.

Workplace aggression includes but is not limited to allegations, complaints, and incidents of: workplace and domestic violence, sexual assault and harassment, stalking, hazing, bullying, acts of violent behavior, threats of physical violence, assault, harassment, intimidation, verbal or non-verbal threat, reprisal, retaliation, or other disruptive or disrespectful behavior. Each employee has a responsibility to help make the Department of Defense a safe workplace.

The expectation is that each employee will treat all other employees, as well as customers and potential customers of DoD’s programs, with dignity and respect. You can and should expect management to care about your safety and to provide as safe a working environment as possible by having preventive measures in place and, if necessary, by dealing immediately with threatening or potentially violent situations that occur.

Supervisors and Managers, in coordination with Human Resources (HR), Security, the Employee Assistance Program (EAP), Office of General Counsel (OGC) and any other appropriate local resources, have the obligation to deal with workplace misconduct; to provide employees with information and training on workplace aggression prevention, assistance, and response; and to put effective security measures in place.

Guides & Resources

This link is designed to answer questions that are of a general nature. If you still have questions, please contact us through the appropriate email address as listed in the “Contact Us” section of our page.

LER Training (Public)

Contact Us

Department of Defense
Defense Civilian Personnel Advisory Service
Labor & Employee Relations
4800 Mark Center Drive, Suite 05G-21
Alexandria, VA 22350-1100

Phone (703) 882-5192
Commercial FAX (571) 372-1719
Email Employee Relations
Email Labor Relations
Email Performance Management
Email Suitability
Email Training

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